Currently, on the Vietnamese market, there are many choices of materials for wall or floor tiles and one of them is Ceramic tile. With outstanding features. Ceramic bricks are used quite popular in the world with a variety of sizes, patterns, colors and other uses to make the bricks have a long service life at a reasonable price.
To choose Ceramic tiles so that it is most effective, let’s learn the basics of Ceramic tiles.
1. What is Ceramic Tile?
Ceramic tiles are plates of various sizes made from ceramic (ceramic) materials, used for flooring or walling. Tiles have different sizes, from small sizes like Mosaic tiles, with a surface area of no more than 90cm2 to large sizes with edges over 1m. The thickness of the tiles is from 5mm for small wall tiles to 20-25 mm for large size bricks.
The word “ceramic” is described for the type of material to make bricks. Ceramic tile is a product derived from a mixture of clay, sand and other natural materials. After being processed in accordance with the process, the mixture will be molded into the desired shape and then baked at high temperatures (from 1000 degrees C to 1250 degrees C, depending on the type of brick).
2. How many types of ceramic bricks?
Classification by production technology: glazed and unglazed bricks
Glazed tiles are tiles whose surface is covered with a layer of colored enamel, making the brick unique in both aesthetic angles (color, brightness, texture …) All of these properties depends on the type of yeast.
Uncoated bricks are each type of homogeneous tiles on the whole brick, and do not need to be enameled on the surface of the tiles. The color and pattern of unglazed tiles will be mixed with color or other materials with the bones of the tiles then baked at high temperatures.
Classified by water absorption
Brick bones have microscopic interconnected holes and can only be seen through specialized microscopes. These microscopic holes will determine the water absorption of the bricks under different conditions.
Sorting by extrusion and extrusion techniques
Extrusion and extrusion are two techniques that can be applied in the production of Ceramic bricks. Brick pressed is used by the machine to create pressure to press the material. Extruded bricks are formed by feeding the material in the form of a paste, then extruding through a special hole to form.
Classified by color of bone: White, red or white
The color of the bone depends on the material used, which can be colorful (from yellow to deep red) or slightly white (sometimes white). For some unglazed tiles, the color of the tiles is created by adding color to the finished product of bone.
Classification according to the variety of shapes and sizes:
The most common shapes of bricks are squares and rectangles. However, there are also some other complex shapes like hexagon. The size of Ceramic tiles also varies from the size of “Mosaic” tiles to the size of the edge length of 60 cm or more and even over 3 m. Thickness also ranges from a few millimeters to 2-3.5 cm.
Classification by function: cladding or paving, indoors or outdoors
Another aspect used to classify that brick is its function, such as bricks for flooring or wall cladding, indoors or outdoors. Determining the area of use is very important to make a decision about which type of bricks to use.
Therefore, a thorough understanding of the product will help us choose that product effectively and intelligently. That means we must pay attention to the aesthetics and functionality of the product. Ceramic manufacturers are also constantly researching and developing products to meet the special needs of consumers: such as anti-slip bricks. These tiles are suitable for areas prone to damp, such as bathrooms, kitchens, or swimming pool views. When consumers have a smart choice of products, becoming a “Smart City” is not difficult.